Jumat, Oktober 24, 2008

100 Orang Yahudi Paling Berpengaruh

Peringkat, Nama, Masa hidup, Deskripsi (sebagian dengan deskripsi, sebagian lagi tidak), Beberapa dengan gambar :

1 Moses 13th Cen. C.E. 

2 Jesus of Nazareth ca. 4 B.C.E. - ca. 30 C.E. 

3 Albert Einstein 1879-1955 physicist 

4 Sigmund Freud 1856-1936 psychiatrist 

5 Abraham ca. 20th-19th cen B.C.E.;
according to the Bible,
1813-1638 B.C.E. 
Quote:6 Saul of Tarsus (Saint Paul) 4 - 64 C.E.
http://www.catholictradition.org/Tradition/paul5.jpg 

7 Karl Marx 1818-1883 philosopher 
Quote:8 Theodor Herzl 1860-1904 writer
http://www.judaica4all.de/catalog/im...or%20Herzl.JPG 

9 Mary b. ca. 20 B.C.E. 
Quote:10 Baruch de Spinoza 1632-1677 philosopher 
http://www.wehaitians.com/spinoza_1.jpg 

11 David fl. 1000 B.C.E. 
12 Anne Frank 1929-1945 diarist 
13 The Prophets Biblical times 
14 Judas Iscariot ca. 4 B.C.E. - ca. 30 C.E. 
15 Gustav Mahler 1860-1911 composer
http://netsys.kaist.ac.kr/~ggumdol/i...tav_mahler.jpg 

16 Maimonides 1135-1204 theologian
17 Niels Bohr 1885-1962 physicist
http://photos.aip.org/history/Thumbn..._niels_b30.jpg 

18 Moses Mendelssohn 1729-1786 philosopher
http://www.nndb.com/people/141/00009...hn-1-sized.jpg 

19 Paul Ehrlich 1854-1915 medical scientist
http://schule.judentum.de/projekt/Paul%20Ehrlich.JPG 

20 Rashi 1040-1105 rabbinical commentator 

21 Benjamin Disraeli 1804-1881 politician

http://www.scholars.nus.edu.sg/lando...als/iln/14.jpg 

22 Franz Kafka 1883-1924 author
23 David Ben-Gurion 1886-1973 founder of Israel
http://jpundit.typepad.com/jci/image...n_gurion_b.jpg 

24 Hillel ca. 70 B.C.E. - 10 C.E. theologian 
25 John Von Neumann 1903-1957 mathematician
http://www.adeptis.ru/vinci/john_von_neumann8.jpg 

26 Simon Bar Kokhba fl. 135 C.E. general, leader 
27 Marcel Proust 1871-1922 novelist 
28 Mayer Rothschild 1744-1812 financier
http://wiki.mbalib.com/w/images/thum...Rothschild.jpg 

29 Solomon ca. 990 - ca. 933 B.C.E. 
30 Heinrich Heine 1797-1856 poet 
31 Selman Waksman 1888-1973 developed antibiotics 
32 Giacomo Meyerbeer 1791-1864 created grand opera 
33 Isaac Luria 1534-1572 kabbalist 
34 Gregory Pincus 1903-1967 developed birth control pill 
35 Leon Trotsky 1879-1940 facilitator of the Russian Revolution
http://www.vw.vccs.edu/vwhansd/HIS12...es/Trotsky.gif 

36 David Ricardo 1772-1823 founded classical school of economics
http://www.econ.duke.edu/Economists/Gifs/Ricardo.gif 

37 Alfred Dreyfus 1859-1935 center of 1895 Dreyfus affair in Paris 
38 Leo Szilard 1898-1964 physicist; cyberneticist 
39 Mark Rothko 1903-1970 painter 
40 Ferdinand Cohn 1828-1898 bacteriologist 
41 Samuel Gompers 1850-1924 labor leader 
42 Gertrude Stein 1874-1946 author 
43 Albert Michelson 1852-1931 physicist 
44 Philo Judaeus ca. 20 B.C.E. - 40 C.E. philosopher 
45 Golda Meir 1898-1978 prime minister of Israel 
46 The Vilna Gaon 1720-1797 rabbinical scholar 
47 Henri Bergson 1859-1941 philosopher 
48 The Baal Shem Tov 1700-1790 religious reformer 
49 Felix Mendelssohn 1809-1847 musician 
50 Louis B. Mayer 1885-1957 motion picture pioneer 
51 Judah Halevy ca. 1075-1141 philosopher and poet 
52 Haym Salomon 1740-1785 Revolutionary War patriot 
53 Johanan ben Zakkai ca. 80 C.E. general, leader 
54 Arnold Schoenberg 1874-1951 composer 
55 Emile Durkheim 1858-1917 sociologist 
56 Betty Friedan 1921- feminist; founder of NOW 
57 David Sarnoff 1891-1971 broadcaster 
58 Lorenzo Da Ponte 1749-1838 Mozart's librettist 
59 Julius Rosenwald 1862-1932 philanthropist 
60 Casimir Funk * 1884-1967 discoverer of vitamins 
61 George Gershwin 1898-1937 composer 
62 Chaim Weizmann 1874-1952 first president of Israel 
63 Franz Boas 1858-1942 anthropologist 
64 Sabbatai Zevi 1626-1676 religious leader 
65 Leonard Bernstein 1918-1990 musician 
66 Flavius Josephus ca. 38-ca. 100 C.E. historian 
67 Walter Benjamin 1892-1940 literary critic, journalist, philosopher 
68 Louis Brandeis 1856-1941 jurist 
69 Emile Berliner 1851-1929 inventor 
70 Sarah Bernhardt 1844-1923 actress 
71 Levi Strauss 1829-1902 clothier 
72 Nahmanides 1195-1270 scholar 
73 Menachem Begin 1913-1992 politician 
74 Anna Freud 1895-1982 psychologist 
75 Queen Esther 5th cen. B.C.E. Biblical queen 
76 Martin Buber 1878-1965 philosopher, theologian, social activist 
77 Jonas Salk 1914- physician 
78 Jerome Robbins 1918- choreographer 
79 Henry Kissinger 1923- politician 
80 Wilhelm Steinitz ca. 1835-1900 chess champion 
81 Arthur Miller 1915- playwright 
82 Daniel Mendoza 1764-1836 boxer 
83 Stephen Sondheim 1930- writer of musicals 
84 Emma Goldman 1869-1940 anarchist, feminist 
85 Sir Moses Montefiore 1787-1885 leader 
86 Jerome Kern 1885-1945 writer of musicals 
87 Boris Pasternak 1890-1960 novelist, poet 
88 Harry Houdini 1874-1926 magician 
89 Edward Bernays 1981- founder of public relations 
90 Leopold Auer 1845-1930 violinist 
91 Groucho Marx 1890-1977 comedian 
92 Man Ray 1890-1976 artist 
93 Henrietta Szold 1860-1945 founder of Hadassah 
94 Benny Goodman 1909-1986 clarinetist and bandleader 
95 Steven Spielberg 1947- filmmaker 
96 Marc Chagall 1887-1985 painter 
97 Bob Dylan 1941- musician 
98 Sandy Koufax 1935- baseball player 
99 Bernard Berenson 1865-1959 art critic 
100 Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster b. 1914; 1914-1992 comics book artist/writer, creators of Superman 

Sumber: The Jewish 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Jews of all Time (Citadel Press Book, 1994), penulis: Michael Shapiro.

Apakah kakek anda termasuk salah satu dari mereka?, bagaimana dengan turunan anda.

1 Comment:

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